Research Article| Volume 44, ISSUE 1, P7-12, January 2018

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Preventing Emergency Department Violence through Design

Published:August 01, 2017DOI:

      Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice

      • Historical trends of workplace violence
      • The effect of threats and assaults on staff
      • Regulations affecting workplace violence
      • Evidence-based considerations to inform the design of emergency departments to reduce, mitigate, or prevent violence against staff, visitors, and patients
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      Patricia A. Lenaghan is Senior Healthcare Clinical and Operations Analyst at Leo A Daly, Omaha, NE.


      Nicole M. Cirrincione, Master of Interior Architecture, is Interior Designer at Leo A Daly, Los Angeles, CA.


      Steven Henrich is Senior Architect at Leo A Daly, Los Angeles, CA.

      Linked Article

      • Response to Lenaghan Preventing ED Violence article
        Journal of Emergency NursingVol. 44Issue 4
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          From my experience, violence in the emergency room is a real issue, and after reading the article from January 2018 entitled “Preventing Emergency Department Violence Through Design,”1 I see why design is very important for the safety of staff, patients, and visitors. As an ED nurse, it was easy for me to visualize every design factor that was mentioned while reading this article. I compared the examples listed to the way my emergency department is designed: from description of the layout of the emergency department to the location of security guards, to the placements of the waiting room, and it all made sense.
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